498a and 406 FIR Quashed - Against Relatives of NRI where Contested Divorce was granted in US (NRI) - Delhi High Court

498a and 406 FIR Quashed - Against Relatives of NRI where Contested Divorce was granted in US (NRI) - Delhi High Court
Shiv Narayan Dhingra, J.
WP (Cri) No. 957 of 2003. D/d. 12.9.2007

Kanchan Gulati & Anr. - Petitioners
The State & Ors. - Respondents

2007(2) FJCC 216

Mr. S.S. Gandhi, Sr. Advocate with Mr. Vishal Gosain, Advocate, for the petitioner; Ms. Mukta Gupta, Advocate, for State Mr. Rahul Goyal, Advocate, for R-4.

A. Constitution of India, Articles 226 and 227 - Indian Penal Code, 1860, Sections 406 and 498-A - Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 482 - Allegations even if taken to be true yet no offence made out - A rarest of rare situations - No allegation of cruelty during stay at India - No chances of dowry demand - Decree passed in USA, not challenged in India - All articles given during marriage already returned by order of Court - Complainant still staying in USA even after losing her case - No cohabitation with accused after order of Court - No offence made out under Indian Penal Code - Case not made out under Section 498-A and 406 of IPC - Petition allowed and FIR quashed. [Paras 7 and 8]

Law laid down :

B. Constitution of India, Articles 226 and 227 - Indian Penal Code, 1860, Sections 406 and 498-A - Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 482 - Once a competent Court has passed order regarding dispute and same has not been challenged then that case cannot be revised again on same issues.


This writ petition under Article 226 of the Constitution of India read with Section 482, Cr PC has been made for quashing of FIR No. 277/ 2003 under Section 498-A/406, IPC registered at Police Station New Friends Colony, Delhi. Petitioners are mother and brother of the former husband of the complainant (ex mother-in-law and brother-in-law of the complainant).
2. In the FIR, complainant stated that she was married to Anuranjan Gultai R/O 3245, N. Oakland Avenue Milwaukee, WI 43211, USA on 13.08.1993 at New Delhi. In marriage, her parents spent Rs. 2.5 lacs for expenses towards reception of guests, gave various articles and gifts worth Rs. 1,46,000/- and an amount of Rs. 4500/- was paid to Anuranjan Gulati by cheque. Anuranjan Gulati was a computer engineer working in USA. Marriage took place in Jai Krishna temple at Pitampura. Her parents paid for her ticket to USA at the time when she left for USA to join her husband. Her precious and heavy jewellery were kept in India by her mother-in-law and brother-in-law. She went to USA however, the attitude of her husband in USA was not good towards her and he started harassing her physically and mentally.
3. On 6.5.1997 her husband filed a divorce petition in the Circuit Court of USA. She contested the divorce petition which was later withdrawn by her husband on 3.6.1998. Her husband shifted his residence from Lake County and on 31.8.1998, he filed another petition for divorce in the Circuit Court, Lake County, Illinois, USA. She hired services of another lawyer and contested the divorce petition to her might. However, vide order dated 31.3.1999 divorce petition was allowed and marriage was dissolved. In the order, the Court asked for exchange of dowry and other articles etc but the same were not returned to her either by her ex-husband or by her mother-in-law or brother-in- law. She approa- ched the Appellate Court in USA and challenged the decree of the Trial Court. The appeal was dismissed. She alleged that she could not pursue the legal remedy in USA properly due to financial constraints. She came back to India on 31.7.2002 thereafter, she lodged this FIR on 1.6.2003.
4. Quashing of this FIR has been prayed for by the petitioners. It is argued by the counsel for petitio- ners that no offence has been committed by any of the petitioners. There are no allegations of cruelty against the petitioners. The complainant, after marriage left for USA and all along lived in USA till July, 2002. Even after July, 2002 she had not stayed with the petitioners even for a single day and there was no occasion for petitioners to harass her for dowry and perpetuate any cruelty. Complainant had left behind some jewellery articles and as per decree of divorce, which case was duly contested by the complainant, both the parties were to exchange certain articles. The ex-husband of the complainant had been all along writing to the complainant to take back those articles, but the complainant instead of taking back the articles, lodged this FIR.
5. The complainant has not disputed about her contesting divorce petition and filing an appeal before the US Court. The orders of the US Court have been placed on record. The decree passed by the USA Court has not been challenged. The order of the US Court shows that the complainant had taken up all grounds like withholding her property, dowry etc. by per husband. The US Court directed the parties to exchange articles and passed following order :
    A. That the bonds of matrimony now existing between the petitioner, ANURANJAN GULATI and the Respondent, ANUJA GULATI be and are hereby dissolved pursuant to Statute. That said dissolution is granted to both petitioner and respondent.
    B. That they marital home located at 1258 S. Pleasant Hill Gate, Wakegan, Illinois has been sold and will close on or about March 31, 1999. That the net sales proceeds after paying all costs of sale and debt(s) on the home shall be equally divided between the parties. That any deficit from the sale shall be paid from the 3 Com Corp Stock owned by the parties.
    C. That each party shall receive his or her own vehicles and each shall execute any documents necessary to transfer the title of the vehicle to the other.
    D. That each party shall receive his or her own personal property currently in his or her possession. That the Husband shall receive the following personal property as his sole property which shall be delivered to him by the Wife on March 21, 1999 :
    Sharp TV
    Bed (with frame, and box spring)
    Sharp Microwave
    Small fridge
    Cooking Utensils and accessories
    Square side table (brown, wood)
    3 Chairs (wood frame and brown leather seat)
    Dining Table and Chairs
    2 Chairs (steel frame, leather seat)
    Glass top tables
    Comforter from aunt
    Utensils, species and other stuff from my relatives.
    E. That the 433 shares of 3 Com Corp stock of the parties shall be equally divided between the parties. That a party may sell his or her shares or divide the stock in kind.
    F. That the husband shall receive his stock options as his sole property.
    G. That the Oakmark IRA of the husband which has a value of approximately $3889.00 shall be equally divided between the parties by a Qualified Domestic Relations Order if such is needed by Oakmark.
    H. That each party is barred from any maintenance from the other.
    I. That the wife and husband shall equally divide the 3 Com Corporation 401 (k) plan acquired during the marriage. That the wife's interest in the pension shall be evidenced by a Qualified Domestic Relations Order to be entered in these proceedings.
    J. That the parties shall exchange their dowry items within 60 days of the entry of this Judgment for Dissolution of marriage. The wife shall give to the husband all the items on the attached list;
    One gold chain with pendant
    One gold "krishna murti" pendant with diamonds.
    One diamond ring
    One pair of big earrings (mina wale)
    2 pair of earrings
    one gold ring (given on Kwar-dhoti)
    one pair of silver paizeb
    one long mangal-sutra (mina wala)
    One (1) Golden Challa (sister-in-law)
    The Husband shall give to the wife all items on the attached list :
    One Navrattan set (1 necklace, 1 bracelet, 3 earrings with strings)
    One Sitarami Necklace (Necklace only)
    One Gold Chain given to me
    One Gold and Diamond engagement ring
    One Gold Wedding band
    One Gold coin (guenea)
    One Double gold chain given to my mother
    One Gold chain given to my sister-in-law
    Two gold rings (1 for my father, 1 for my brother)
    Two silver trays (rectangular)
    One silver small bowl (katori)
    One wedding saree
    One luggage carrier (foldable cart)
    Check book for bank account in Anuja's name
6. The appellate order passed by the appeal Court would show that appeal was not dismissed because the appellant had not been able to engage advocate, as claimed, but it was dismissed on technical ground, since the appeal was filed beyond the period of limitation and without fulfilling the necessary requirements. After passing of the orders by the USA Court granting divorce and exchange of dowry articles, the husband had been writing to the complainant for exchange of articles and taking back all her articles, but the complainant had not received these articles deliberately; the letters written by the husband are on record.
7. Quashing of FIR in exercise of writ jurisdiction is a discretion of the Court. The Court should exercise discretion in rarest of rare cases, where the circumstances and the facts reveal that, even if, all the allegations made in the FIR considered as true, no offence is made out. In the present case, the complainant had all along lived in USA. She had left India immediately after her marriage. There are no allegations of cruelty or breach of trust during this period. The allegations are that her father spent money in marriage beyond his capacity. This does not amount to a dowry demand. If her jewellery or other articles were left behind in India with mother-in-law or brother- in-law, a Court of competent jurisdiction has passed an order in respect of these dowry articles and directed the parties for exchange of those articles. The decree passed by the Court of USA has not been challenged by the complainant. She herself submitted to the jurisdiction of the USA Court and contested the case. She was living, at the time of contesting the case, in USA and continued to live in USA event after passing of decree till 2002. She even preferred an appeal, which was dismissed. Thus, it is not a case where decree was obtained by her husband clandestinely or she had not submitted to the jurisdiction of the US Court or the US Court had no jurisdiction. Once a competent Court has passed an order in respect of return or exchange of articles including dowry articles, no offence under Section 406, IPC can be tried for the same articles in India.
8. I consider that it is a rarest of rare cases, where the Court should exercise its discretion. Criminal law cannot be allowed to be used to settle the personal scores neither the Courts can be allowed to be used as tools. The complainant, who lost her divorce case in USA and was in USA all along from 1997 till 2002 and had not stayed with the petitioners, even for a single day. She lodged this FIR only to settle her personal scores. I, therefore, allow this petition. The FIR No. 277/2003 under Section 498-A/406, IPC registered at Police Station New Friends Colony, Delhi is hereby quashed.

Petition allowed.


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Geek Upd8 - Law Reporter: 498a and 406 FIR Quashed - Against Relatives of NRI where Contested Divorce was granted in US (NRI) - Delhi High Court
498a and 406 FIR Quashed - Against Relatives of NRI where Contested Divorce was granted in US (NRI) - Delhi High Court
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